- HIV - stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. A virus that weakens a patient’s immune system over time.
- HIV-1 - the most common type of HIV worldwide.
- CD4+ T-cell - a type of cell that helps fight infections. Called CD4+ because of a type of receptor on the surface of the cell
- combination antiretroviral therapy - the combination of medicines, or regimen, used to treat HIV infection
- R5 HIV 1 This type of HIV uses the coreceptor CCR5 (R5 for short) as a coreceptor to blind to and infect human cells.
- T Cell Count measurement of the amount of T-cells found in a sample of blood.
- CCR5-tropic HIV-1 - the type of HIV-1 that uses the CCR5 coreceptor to attach to CD4+ T-cells.
- CD4+ T-cell count - the number of CD4+ T-cells in every cubic millimeter of blood.
- Coreceptor – on the surface of CD4+ T-cells; used by HIV, along with the CD4 receptor, to attach to CD4+ T-cells.
- Tropism – refers to the type of coreceptor that HIV uses to attach to CD4+ T-cells.
- Tropism test or tropism assay – test done to determine which type of coreceptor a patient’s HIV uses to attach to a CD4+ T-cell.
- AIDS – stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. The most severe phase of HIV infection. People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic illnesses
- Opportunistic infections - infections that occur more frequently and are more severe in individuals with weakened immune systems, including people with HIV
What to know about SELZENTRY
While you’re learning whether treatment with SELZENTRY along with other HIV-1 medicines might be an option for you or your child, it’s important to keep in mind its risks and side effects. Below are some key things you may want to know.
These are not all the risks and side effects of SELZENTRY, and this information does not replace talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment. For more information, talk to your healthcare provider and refer to the Medication Guide for SELZENTRY.
What is the most important information I should know about SELZENTRY?
SELZENTRY can cause serious side effects including serious liver problems (liver toxicity). An allergic reaction may happen before liver problems occur. Stop taking SELZENTRY and call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following symptoms:
- an itchy rash on your body (allergic reaction)
- your skin or the white part of your eyes turns yellow (jaundice)
- dark or “tea-colored” urine
- pain, aching, or tenderness on the right side of your stomach area
Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your liver before you begin treatment with SELZENTRY and as needed during treatment, and if you get a severe rash, signs and symptoms of liver problems, or an allergic reaction during treatment with SELZENTRY.
Who should not take SELZENTRY?
Do not take SELZENTRY if you have severe kidney problems or are on hemodialysis and are also taking certain other medications.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking SELZENTRY?
Before you take SELZENTRY, tell your healthcare provider if you:
- have or have had liver problems including hepatitis B or C virus infection.
- have heart problems.
- have kidney problems.
- have low blood pressure or take medicines to lower blood pressure.
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if SELZENTRY may harm your unborn baby.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you take SELZENTRY. You should not breastfeed if you have HIV-1 because of the risk of passing HIV-1 to your baby.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Some medicines may interact with SELZENTRY. Keep a list of your medicines to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist.
- You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for a list of medicines that interact with SELZENTRY. Do not start taking a new medicine without telling your healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider can tell you if it is safe to take SELZENTRY with other medicines. Your healthcare provider may need to change your dose of SELZENTRY when you take it with certain medicines.
- You should not take SELZENTRY if you also take St. John’s wort (Hypercium perforatum).
What are the possible side effects of SELZENTRY?
- SELZENTRY can cause serious side effects including:
- See “What is the most important information I should know about SELZENTRY?”
- Serious skin rash and allergic reactions. Severe and potentially life-threatening skin reactions and allergic reactions have been reported in some patients taking SELZENTRY. If you develop a rash with any of the following symptoms, stop using SELZENTRY and contact your doctor right away:
- generally ill feeling
- muscle aches
- blisters or sores in your mouth
- blisters or peeling of the skin
- redness or swelling of the eyes
- swelling of the mouth or face or lips
- problems breathing
- yellowing of the skin or whites of your eyes
- dark or tea-colored urine
- pain, aching, or tenderness on the right side below the ribs
- loss of appetite
- Heart problems including heart attack.
- Low blood pressure when standing up (postural hypotension) can cause dizziness or fainting. You should avoid driving or operating heavy machinery if you have dizziness while taking SELZENTRY.
- Changes in your immune system (Immune Reconstitution Syndrome) can happen when you start taking HIV-1 medicines. Your immune system may get stronger and begin to fight infections that have been hidden in your body for a long time. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop new symptoms after you start taking SELZENTRY.
- Possible chance of infection or cancer. SELZENTRY affects other immune system cells and therefore may possibly increase your chance for getting other infections or cancer.
The most common side effects of SELZENTRY in adults include colds and cold-like symptoms, cough, fever, rash, bloating and gas, indigestion, constipation, and dizziness.
The most common side effects of SELZENTRY in children include vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and dizziness.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of SELZENTRY. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1‑800‑FDA‑1088.